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Developmental Issues From Infancy to Old Age

1.  The behaviorist theory focuses on the experiences of the child.
A) True
B) False
2.  Behaviorist suggest that a childs mind is a blank slate to be gradually shaped by the environment.
A) True
B) False
3.  Positive reinforcement suggests that if a desirable behavior is rewarded the appropriate or desirable behavior is more likely to recur.
A) True
B) False
4.  Emotionally secure babies come to trust that their caretakers will nurture and take care of them.
A) True
B) False
5.  Children who are abused come to mistrust the world and may be unable to advance to later stages of emotional development.
A) True
B) False
6.  Autonomy is characterized by a toddlers feeling of independence and uniqueness apart from his parents.
A) True
B) False
7.  Doubt and shame happens when children at this age are overly restricted from attempting to venture out.
A) True
B) False
8.  At the sensorimotor stage the thinking involves forming knowledge via the senses, sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell.
A) True
B) False
9.  The bioecological systems theory focuses on the interactions and influences of the outside environment on the childs development.
A) True
B) False
10.  Few theories provides beneficial information in understanding why children behave, grow, and learn as they do.
A) True
B) False
11.  Nurture refers to the day to day interactions children encounter in their environment.
A) True
B) False
12.  Drug abuse during pregnancy will not have a significant effect on the developing fetus.
A) True
B) False
13.  Maternal smoking has been linked to miscarriage, premature birth, and low birth weight.
A) True
B) False
14.  Over the counter or prescription drugs can pose a threat to prenatal development.
A) True
B) False
15.  Genetic disorders inhibit child development.
A) True
B) False
16.  Poor nutrition can affect fetal development as well as child development.
A) True
B) False
17.  Birth weight is a good predictor of infant survival and healthy development.
A) True
B) False
18.  Down syndrome is one example of a condition caused by chromosomal abnormalities.
A) True
B) False
19.  Muscular dystrophy is a disease that is genetically characterized by progressive muscle and skeletal weakness and degeneration.
A) True
B) False
20.  Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine.
A) True
B) False
21.  Congenital heart defects occur during the development of the fetus.
A) True
B) False
22.  Meningitis is an infection of the meninges covering that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
A) True
B) False
23.  It is always easy to identify a possible developmental disorder or delay.
A) True
B) False
24.  The stress that may accompany raising a child with disabilities can be greater on those families than in the general population
A) True
B) False
25.  Premature infants have very immature immunological systems and therefore are at an increased risk for infection.
A) True
B) False
26.  A developmental disability is defined as a chronic disability that results in a physical and a mental impairment.
A) True
B) False
27.  Seizures are a sign of brain dysfunction.
A) True
B) False
28.  Obesity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular concerns, diabetes, decreased mobility, and social implications.
A) True
B) False
29.  A swallowing disorder that may cause nutritional risk is called dysphagia.
A) True
B) False
30.  Chronic lung conditions are often seen in premature infants and in children with cystic fibrosis.
A) True
B) False